Country Info

  • Full Name: Romania
  • Population: 21,848,504 (July 2011 est.)
  • Capital city: Bucharest 1.933 million (2009)
  • Currency: Romanian Leu
  • Climate: Temperate with cold, snowy winters and sunny, changeable summers
  • Terrain: Mountainous, hills and plateaus
  • Official language: Romanian
  • Total size: 238,391 km2

Romania's terrain is almost evenly divided between mountains, hills and plains, and the country boasts sandy beaches on the Black Sea coast, sometimes referred to as the 'Romanian Riviera'. It is home to a number of rivers, including the Danube, and has around 3,500 lagoons and coastal, glacial, volcanic and natural dam lakes. In addition, the Danube ends in Romania, forming a delta before joining the Black Sea, and the area is an acclaimed UNESCO Biosphere Reservation and a protected wetland. The country also has 13 national parks and three biosphere reserves.

In addition to plentiful nature, the country houses numerous castles and fortresses, the most popular of which are the 14th century Corvinesti Castle, 19th century Peles castle, and the legendary Bran Castle, believed to be the home of Bram Stoker's Count Dracula.

Also, its mountains shelter several ski resorts, ideal for outdoor activities and extreme sports, and rural tourism is becoming increasingly popular.


Romania can be easily accessed by road, rail, air, sea and the Danube.

Its main port is Constanta on the Black Sea, linked to the Danube by a canal; and river ports of Tulcea, Galati, Calarasi, Giurgiu and Drobeta.

There are 17 commercial airports in the country, most of which are open for international traffic (Timisoara, Cluj, Sibiu, Oradea, Arad, and Bacau, to name a few), and a number of new airports are either planned or are under construction.

The country is also well connected to other European countries by rail and road, and often Budapest serves as a convenient connection point towards Romania.


Bucharest and Brasov are Romania's traditional MICE hubs, but other cities, such as Cluj, Constanta, Timisoara, Oradea, Arad, Iasi and Sibiu are on the rise, as they are easily accessible by air and have strong facilities and infrastructure.

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