Bosnia & Herzegovina is a heart-shaped land which emerged in1994, when an agreement was signed giving birth to the joint Bosniak/Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Repubic of Srpska and Brcko district.
It is largely a blend of eastern and western cultures, as well as of the present and the past.
Sarajevo, its capital, is nestled between hills and towering mountains, and is said to be one of the few places on earth that features an Orthodox and a Catholic church, a mosque and a synagogue within easy walking distance of each other, and has great potential for religious and educational tourism.
The country, around half of which is forested, is abundant in unspoilt nature and is ideal for outdoor activities like hiking, cycling, extreme sports, bird watching and camping. It has a number of spa and wellness hubs with thermal and mineral waters, and in winter (from January to March) it offers possibilities for winter sports on the Bjelasnica, Igman and Jahorina mountains.
The country is easily accessible by land and air. It has four international airports – Sarajevo Airport, Mostar Airport, Tuzla Airport and Banja Luka Airport, and its national carrier is BH Airlines, formerly known as Air Bosna. Bus connections are available from the neighbouring countries, and train links are active with Croatia, Serbia and Hungary.
The country has several religious sanctuaries for Muslims, Orthodox and Catholic Christians and Jews, the most of which are Medjugorje – a place of the apparition of the Virgin Mary in 1981 – a popular destination for believers from all over the world; and Ajvaz-Dedo Cave, the location of the annual Muslim religious-cultural manifestation called Ajvatovica at which pilgrims pray the ‘rain prayer’ for the mercy of Allah and fruitful and successful year.
A number of monasteries dating from the XIII and XV century, such as Tvrdos, Dobricevo, Ozren, Gomionica, Liplje, Mostanci, Dobrun and more. Other religions tourism sites include Olovska Madonna, Zitomislici Monastery, Kraljeva Sutjeska, Humac Herzegovina, House of Peace Prozor – Rama, as well as Virgins’ Caves and pilgrimage site in Brateljevici near Kladanj.